(near Troas Acts 16:8-11, cp. also 2 Cor. 2:12-13, Acts 20:6-12, 2 Tim. 4:13)
In northwest Anatolia near the Aegean Sea
lies the ancient city of Troy, known for centuries only in the pages of the
Homer's lyric. Archaeological digs began there in the early 1870's by German
archaeologist Heinrich Schliemann, who maintained that the city was not simply a
mythological city. His work was continued after his death by two other Germans,
Wilhelm Dorpfield and Carl Blegen, near the turn of the century.
outcome of the excavations was a view of the nine strata (archaeological levels)
of the ancient city representing the history of the city's remains. A careful
study of these levels reveals the city to have been founded around 3000 BC (Troy
i) and was destroyed by fire about five centuries later. The city was rebuilt
several times in the Bronze Age (Troy ii-vii), and was occasionally burned (Troy
ii), but seemed to reach its zenith in Troy vi which appears to have been
destroyed by a massive earthquake in about 1300 BC. Not deterred, the people of
Troy rebuilt the city again (Troy vi-a) which was later immortalized in Homer's
Iliad and subsequently destroyed around 1200 BC. The city was rebuilt in a
limited fashion and stood between 1200-1100 BC (Troy vi-b), but was eventually
left abandoned until around 700 BC when a small village existed on the site.
The city was again rebuilt during the Hellenistic and Roman period some distance away (where it enters into the New Testament in the form of Troas (see article on Troas/Dalyan; Acts 16:8-11, the place of St. Paul's Macedonian call vision; cp. also 2 Cor. 2:12-13, Acts 20:6-12, 2 Tim. 4:13). A visitor today will encounter a number of points of interest including the ancient fortifications exposed by Schliemann and a modern Trojan horse model.